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That professionalization of management increases the tendency for technical proposals to be developed may be due to the growth of a technical orientation among managers.

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It’s actually 2 discussion topics/papers. The first needs to be three pages and the second also needs to be three pages.
FIRST TOPIC: Innovation in Business Organizations: Some Factors Associated with Success or Failure of Staff Proposals.
The research paper from the assigned reading on Staff Proposals contains the following: “When a new idea is developed, whether as a result of discovery or invention, it may be discarded or implemented. The task of the line manager or staff specialist who generates a new idea is to communicate the essence of the idea and to demonstrate its utility in light of the goals of the organization. This process invariably involves efforts at education and persuasion as well as elements of bargaining to receive a sympathetic hearing and to elicit actions calculated to implement the new idea. Apart from problems of education, bargaining, and persuasion, there is the common problem of establishing the relevance of the new idea for the goals of the particular organization as well as the feasibility of implementing the proposal in question.” The paper concludes: “Some of these findings confirm what might have been anticipated: formalization of rules, centralization of decision making, communication between staff and line are high in organizations engaging in administrative improvement. That administrative proposals tend to be higher in quality may be explained by the possibly greater familiarity of staff specialists with administrative matters. “That higher managerial receptivity to innovation predisposes an organization to receive administrative proposals is somewhat surprising. Does this suggest that business organizations with lower managerial receptivity to innovation tend to encourage technical proposals? That professionalization of management increases the tendency for technical proposals to be developed may be due to the growth of a technical orientation among managers. That larger organizations are more inclined toward technical proposals may be related to the tendency of larger organizations to place more emphasis on research and development. “Success of staff proposals is associated with attributes of the proposal for innovation, attributes of the organizational structure, and attributes of the relationship between staff and line.” “It also appears that some of the variables which discriminate between successful and unsuccessful proposals also discriminate between technical and administrative proposals. speech-bubble.png Week 3 Discussion Prompt For this week’s Discussion respond to the following: How should a firm implement a process to solicit and consider staff proposals that diminishes the bias uncovered in the research study of “Staff specialists are more likely to entertain technical than administrative proposals.”
MUST READ AND USE THESE SOURCES(AT LEAST ONE) IN THIS PAPER LISTED BELOW. PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL RELEVANT ACADEMIC SOURCES AS WELL. MUST HAVE A CITATION PAGE IN APA
Evan, W., Black G. (1967) Innovation in Business Organizations: Some Factors Associated with Success or Failure of Staff Proposals Journal of Business October 1967, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp 519-530
Alllen, J., Stevenson, R., Wang, T. (2021) Creative and resourceful: How human, social and psychological resources affect creative workers’’ ability to rebound after failure Small Business Economics, 2, 705 SECOND TOPIC:
SECOND TOPIC:
Build it and they will come
Our textbook explores the demand generation strategy “Build it and they will come” also known as (aka) “Build a better mousetrap and the world will beat a path to your door.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson.
speech-bubble.png Week 5 Discussion Prompt
Provide two examples of this approach being used by a start up (not in the textbook) where it worked and where it didn’t. For each outcome provide why this happened.
The textbook the professor is referring to is Why Startups Fail by Tom Eisenmann. If you can somehow access this book and use it in the paper that would be amazing. Read pages 39-66.
AGAIN MUST READ AND USE THESE SOURCES(AT LEAST ONE) IN THIS PAPER LISTED BELOW. PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL RELEVANT ACADEMIC SOURCES AS WELL. MUST HAVE A CITATION PAGE IN APA
Cook, J. Lynes, J Fries, S. (2021) Exploring Mistakes and Failures in Social Marketing: The Inside Story Social Marketing Quarterly, 2021 Vol. 27: 13-31
Reza Sanaei, M. Movahdi Sobhanie, F. (2018) Relationship marketing can mitigate product and service failures Information Technology and Management (2018) Vol. 19: 185-196
Limon, A. (2018) Marketing Failures and Fixes Journal of Financial Planning, 2019 July 22-26

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