Categories
Philosophy

Be sure to fully answer the questions.

Be sure to fully answer the questions. To fully answer questions it is better to have more information than less information. Remember, this is to help you get familiar with the work you are reading. Providing the shortest answer possible is not a helpful or prudent way to become familiar with the text. It is always best to elaborate on your answers.

Categories
Philosophy

You may, of course, discuss multiple sections.

For your first essay, I want you to write an essay on what you think we learn – about ourselves, about philosophy, about knowledge, about life, about anything truly significant to our studies as philosophers – from Plato. The basic question of this essay is: What do we learn from Plato?
Note, I am asking you to write about what you think Plato teaches all of us, not just what you believe you personally learned from the act of reading Plato. (Though what you see as important for any reading may of course be related to what you personally gain from your reading – and it is inevitable that the two will be connected in this essay. The point is that you approach this as an analytic essay, not a personal reflection.
To do this correctly for this assignment, I want you to make sure you do the following:
Identify at least three different “things” you believe we learn from reading these dialogues. These should be related enough so that you can present a broader thesis that connects these. You can focus on one specific theme (such as knowledge) and this will likely give you a more cohesive essay.
Present each of these three in separate sections of your paper. They each need their own paragraph, at least, though you may need more than one paragraph (this partly depends on how long your paragraphs tend to be).
With each point, you need to use at least one section of the dialogues to support your position, and you need to discuss how that position is supported by that section of the text. Be sure to specifically reference which part of the text you are citing, by page and section number (if you are using a different translation or edition, make it clear which edition you are using). Do not quote directly from the text except for very short passages where the language is important. You may, of course, discuss multiple sections.
Your essay needs to reference at least two different dialogues.
In addition to having an introduction where you clearly lay out the broader thesis (argument) you are making about what we learn from Plato, you should end with a concluding paragraph (or set of paragraphs) where you show how the three points come together to support your broader thesis and explain the significance of what we learn and why you believe it is important.
The essay should be of some length (700 – 1000 words is a good target) and should clearly demonstrate your experience reading all five dialogues.

Categories
Philosophy

When writing your responses, imagine your audience is a fellow student who is not in our class, and think about what you’d need to say in order to answer these questions in a way they could fully understand.

When writing your responses, imagine your audience is a fellow student who is not in our class, and think about what you’d need to say in order to answer these questions in a way they could fully understand. Be sure to organize your essays well, define important terms, and make your wording as clear and direct as possible. I will be looking for clear, concise expression of ideas; complete answers to each question; evidence of your comprehension of the material; well-structured arguments where called for (not just assertions); as well as proper grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
Explain why Descartes thinks he cannot doubt his own existence, even though he can doubt the existence of the external world, his knowledge of it, and so on. Why is one doubtable and the other not? Clarify how Descartes’ arguments on this matter demonstrate his rationalist approach to philosophy.

Categories
Philosophy

It is perhaps on this point and in this respect, gentlemen, that i differ from the majority of men, and if i were to claim that i am wiser than anyone in anything, it would be in this, that, as i have no adequate knowledge of things in the underworld, so i do not think i have.

Instructions:
Do not quote from the text; rephrase everything in your own words.
In the Apology (29e-30b), Socrates explains why his examination of people’s opinions is beneficial to the citizens of Athens. He does so by arguing that it allows them to pursue the most important thing for a human being, namely virtue, which is what turns a human being into an excellent human being.
Start by explaining in what Socrates’ examination consists, and why he decided to engage in it. Then explain why this examination, according to Socrates, allows one to pursue the most important thing, i.e. virtue, and what virtue is. Finally, explain why virtue is the most important thing for a human being (what kind of good is it?).
The paper must start with an introduction. The role of the introduction is to provide some context for the topic you are going to examine. The length of the
introduction must be proportionate to the length of the paper.
After having briefly introduced the topic, you need to give a coherent presentation of the subject(s) you are asked to examine.
Reading:
This is the truth of the matter, men of Athens: wherever a man has
taken a position that he believes to be best, or has been placed by his
commander, there he must I think remain and face danger, without a
thought for death or anything else, rather than disgrace. It would have e
been a dreadful way to behave, men of Athens, if, at Potidaea, Amphipolis, and Delium, I had, at the risk of death, like anyone else, remained
at my post where those you had elected to command had ordered me,
and then, when the god ordered me, as I thought and believed, to live
the life of a philosopher, to examine myself and others, I had abandoned
my post for fear of death or anything else. That would have been a 29
dreadful thing, and then I might truly have justly been brought here
for not believing that there are gods, disobeying the oracle, fearing
death, and thinking I was wise when I was not. To fear death, gentlemen,
is no other than to think oneself wise when one is not, to think one
knows what one does not know. No one knows whether death may not
be the greatest of all blessings for a man, yet men fear it as if they knew
that it is the greatest of evils. And surely it is the most blameworthy b
ignorance to believe that one knows what one does not know. It is
perhaps on this point and in this respect, gentlemen, that I differ from
the majority of men, and if I were to claim that I am wiser than anyone
in anything, it would be in this, that, as I have no adequate knowledge
of things in the underworld, so I do not think I have. I do know,
however, that it is wicked and shameful to do wrong, to disobey one’s
superior, be he god or man. I shall never fear or avoid things of which
I do not know, whether they may not be good rather than things that c
12. The scene between Thetis and Achilles is from the Iliad xviii.94 ff.
34 PLATO
I know to be bad. Even if you acquitted me now and did not believe
Anytus, who said to you that either I should not have been brought
here in the first place, or that now I am here, you cannot avoid executing
me, for if I should be acquitted, your sons would practice the teachings
of Socrates and all be thoroughly corrupted; if you said to me in this
regard: “Socrates, we do not believe Anytus now; we acquit you, but
only on condition that you spend no more time on this investigation
and do not practice philosophy, and if you are caught doing so you
will die”; if, as I say, you were to acquit me on those terms, I would
say to you: “Men of Athens, I am grateful and I am your friend, but I
will obey the god rather than you, and as long as I draw breath and
am able, I shall not cease to practice philosophy, to exhort you and in
my usual way to point out to any one of you whom I happen to meet:
‘Good Sir, you are an Athenian, a citizen of the greatest city with the
greatest reputation for both wisdom and power; are you not ashamed
of your eagerness to possess as much wealth, reputation, and honors as
possible, while you do not care for nor give thought to wisdom or truth,
or the best possible state of your soul?’ Then, if one of you disputes
this and says he does care, I shall not let him go at once or leave him,
but I shall question him, examine him, and test him, and if I do not
think he has attained the goodness that he says he has, I shall reproach
him because he attaches little importance to the most important things
and greater importance to inferior things. I shall treat in this way anyone
I happen to meet, young and old, citizen and stranger, and more so
the citizens because you are more kindred to me. Be sure that this is
what the god orders me to do, and I think there is no greater blessing
for the city than my service to the god. For I go around doing nothing
but persuading both young and old among you not to care for your
body or your wealth in preference to or as strongly as for the best
possible state of your soul, as I say to you: Wealth does not bring about
excellence, but excellence makes wealth and everything else good for
men, both individually and collectively.”

Categories
Philosophy

E​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ach question must have at least one cita​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​tion from the text.

E​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ach question must have at least one cita​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​tion from the text. The text is attached​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Philosophy

This paper is a continuation of the topic​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

T​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​his paper is in line with the one you did “Topic Selection”. You must continue with the same topic as you did in the last pa​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​per and that is defunding the police. I attached the paper you did the last time. This paper is a continuation of the topic​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Philosophy

You don’t have to focus on all the readings, but the ones you think supports your idea.

H​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​i, please read this link for essay writing guidelines: https://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/writing.html.
I have upload the lectures from 6 weeks just to give you a main idea of what theories of happiness are covered in class, you can just have a very q​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​uick look.
The essay has to be based on the readings I uploaded and your own thoughts, please also read the questions for the reading to give you some thoughts.
you don’t have to focus on all the readings, but the ones you think supports your idea. thank you​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Philosophy

I​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ will upload the ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​aristotle reading​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

I​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ will upload the ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​Aristotle reading​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Philosophy

A​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​t least two sources, including ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​the

A​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​t least two sources, including ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​the text. The text is attached​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Philosophy

A​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​t Least two sources , one scholarly article and ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍

A​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​t Least two sources , one scholarly article and ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​the text (attached). APA style must be observed​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.