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Why?

What is your position on capital punishment? Assume that you are in favor of capital punishment, what do you think is the most humane manner of execution? Why? Conversely, assume that you are against capital punishment, discuss how you think these offenders should be sentenced? (will need 2 replies as well with students initial post)

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Include at least four peer-reviewed references format your paper according to apa guidelines.

Write a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper in which you analyze the relationship between ethics and professional behavior in the administration of criminal justice. Explain the role of critical thinking with regard to the relationship between ethics and professional behavior. Include in your paper a proposal for a seminar in ethics training for law enforcement officers. In your proposal, choose five areas of ethical conduct and that will be stressed in the seminar. Explain why you chose those areas and what the expected benefits of the training will be for both officers and the community. Include at least four peer-reviewed references Format your paper according to APA guidelines.

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Your answer should not exceed 500 words (about two double-spaced, typed pages).

Analyze the plausibility—if there can be any—of the contention that there might have been a certain justification for the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the United States. In your essay, compose an argument for or against an alleged pattern of American wrongdoing that could possibly merit such an attack. Whatever your position, support it with one theoretical assumption or hypothesis from the readings to date. Your answer should not exceed 500 words (about two double-spaced, typed pages).

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*ama (american medical association) citations are required.

See attachment with specific details and instructions. Please note that well-informed, well-thought out, relevant and timely arguments must be identified and described. Feel free to ask questions. Thank you. *AMA (American Medical Association) citations are required.

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• please use credible sources, and do not use wikipedia or blogs as sources.

How important is the protection of property rights to the effort to promote strong, prosperous businesses? To what extent should governments restrict property rights to protect other important rights?
Paper Requirement:
• The paper should be in 12-point font, Times New Roman.
• Include bold headers before paragraphs that introduce new topics.
• Include a list of any outside sources used in APA format.
• Please use credible sources, and do not use Wikipedia or Blogs as sources.
• Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.”
• The uploaded textbook, Chapters eight and nine of The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business (Lau and Johnson), can pave the ground for legal terminology and a general understanding of the subject. Please feel free to use it as one of the credible sources, and for additional information, please do further research.

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(remember to sanitize names in order to maintain confidentiality of persons involved.)

Access the following links related to IDEA:

About IDEA


https://sites.ed.gov/idea/idea-news-and-updates/#2019
Read and present overview of IDEA purpose, IDEA history, Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (504), and American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Title II).
Read the “News and Updates” from 2019 and 2020 and discuss what you believe are the three most important topics for educators and why. Give examples where these items have impacted educational practices personally. (Remember to sanitize names in order to maintain confidentiality of persons involved.)

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And if so, how should it be clarified?

Choose ONE of the following questions.
1. In all the cases in which it has arisen, how well has the International Court of Justice
dealt with the issue of self-determination? In your view, what should the Court have
said in the Kosovo Advisory Opinion?
2. In a recent article in the Guardian,
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2022/aug/01/the-big-idea-do-nations-reallyneed-borders, James Crawford (not the late James Crawford, ICJ judge), argued that
international borders may no longer be necessary or appropriate. From an
international law perspective, do you think this is feasible or desirable?
4. In international discourse, and especially in the jurisprudence of the International Court
of Justice, the distinction between obligations erga omnes and obligations erga omnes
partes has been blurred, to put it mildly. Do you agree? Should there be a distinction,
and if so, how should it be clarified?

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Law

If you begin with a google search of “patenting organisms,” you will find several articles from institutions of higher education and government organizations that will present a good overview and various perspectives on the issue.

Assignment Questions:
Scientists have isolated genes that cause particular diseases and modified genes that alter organisms for particular reasons (for example, to help beneficial plants and animals to survive under harsh conditions). Make an argument as to why businesses that develop modified organisms should be able to preserve their property rights by patenting such organisms. Then, make a counterargument as to why such organisms should not be patentable.
Research the issue online to develop supporting facts and arguments for each position. If you begin with a Google search of “patenting organisms,” you will find several articles from institutions of higher education and government organizations that will present a good overview and various perspectives on the issue. Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.” Helpful resources specifically for why organisms should not be patentable include Web sites for advocacy groups such as Greenpeace (https://www.greenpeace.org/global/) and the Council for Responsible Genetics (http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/). You will also want to read the United States Supreme Court decision of Diamond v. Chakrabarty. Be sure to cite your sources.
Paper Requirement:
• Prepare an essay with an introduction, main body, and conclusion of at least 1,500 words citing information supporting the paper’s position arguments and facts.
• The paper should be in 12-point font, Times New Roman.
• Include bold headers before paragraphs that introduce new topics.
• Include a list of any outside sources used in APA format.
• Please use credible sources, and do not use Wikipedia or Blogs as sources.
• Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.”
• The uploaded textbook, Chapters eight and nine of The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business (Lau and Johnson), can pave the ground for legal terminology and a general understanding of the subject. Please feel free to use it as one of the credible sources, and for additional information, please do further research.

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Law

Furthermore, each state’s employment laws would need to be evaluated as to whether or not an individual having hiv/aids, even if not a qualifying handicap, poses any risk to the public and therefore could or could not be used as the only reason for dismissal.

Citations must be perfect with punctuation and spelling as well as grammar.
The court’s decision was accurate as protected classes of people must be protected unless the employer can present clear reasons as to why accommodations cannot be made for the individual. Tuberculosis is absolutely a serious disease that must be monitored, but the school board laid out no attempt at a strategy for how they could mitigate the risk, choosing rather to simply make a judgment that they refused to reconsider. It is not the employee’s job to advocate for and create accommodations but rather on the employer to identify an option. Let’s draw this question to a wider scope. Who is to determine what should be considered a contagious disease? Could someone not determine that a pregnant individual, while not directly contagious, presents a scenario that is not wanted in the workplace? Some might say that comparison is farfetched, but let’s push forward with it first before we determine that. If that is considered the case, pregnancy could have an impact on the workflow of the company and as such, any individual that could potentially be pregnant should not continue to be employed by the company. That would be a direct violation of the same laws at question in the above court case. While the pregnancy disability act does speak directly to pregnancy, it also provides a blueprint for which other medical scenarios and disabilities come into play in creating accommodations (Ziegler, 2019). In reference to HIV/AIDS, each individual may need to be evaluated separately to determine if they qualify as a handicapped individual. If they do, then they absolutely should have this protection. Furthermore, each state’s employment laws would need to be evaluated as to whether or not an individual having HIV/AIDS, even if not a qualifying handicap, poses any risk to the public and therefore could or could not be used as the only reason for dismissal. So no, this researcher does not think that changing the condition to HIV/AIDS should make a difference in the judgement.
To the second question, this should have been analyzed by the school board in an attempt to create accommodations from the get go, therefore, yes, this researcher believes that if an alternate position exists, then the teacher should be offered that opportunity. Myth and misconception are an active part of society and fiction novels, in fact, one might say that is the point where the two worlds collide. The issue becomes how to educate and whether an individual will change their opinion when a myth is treated as fact. This researcher believes the court did protect the employee and the public in this case as in protecting a protected class, they are protecting the rights of each and every citizen. It is not the court’s obligation to educate the public, but in consistently upholding the constitution and this nation’s laws, they are providing the precedent necessary to allow individuals that wish to become more knowledgeable to be able to differentiate between the mystical unicorn and the horse that is actually in front of them.
References
Ziegler, M. (2019). Choice at work: Young v. United States Parcel Service, pregnancy discrimination, and Reproductive Liberty. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2524142

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For one reason that “section 504 of the rehabilitation act of 1973 is a national law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability.

No, I do not agree with the ruling of this case. For one reason that “Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a national law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability. The nondiscrimination requirements of the law apply to employers and organizations that receive financial assistance from any Federal department or agency, including the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). These organizations and employers include many hospitals, nursing homes, mental health centers and human service programs. Section 504 forbids organizations and employers from excluding or denying individuals with disabilities an equal opportunity to receive program benefits and services. It defines the rights of individuals with disabilities to participate in, and have access to, program benefits and services.” In 2008 the ADA Amendments Act Sec. 4 which states that diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, or hepatitis B, will be protected under the 504 Rehabilitation Act.
If it is shown that Arline could perform some other function in the school system besides teaching, and contact with others was not as prevalent as in the classroom, would you allow her to stay on? Discuss. I would consider the situation but not take it to the extreme that the school board did. First, I would make sure my employee is ok, then I would request that they take some time, so that they can get it under control. But always you want to put things in writing not to humiliate them but only to protect yourself from future lawsuits. They allow people with AIDS & HIV to work, so why denied someone with tuberculosis to work, they should afford the same opportunity. Do you think there is adequate protection of both the employee and the public in this case? What should the courts do to diminish discrimination against the disabled built upon myth and misconceptions? I do not think there is adequate protection for the public and the employees in this case. The court should arrange pass judgments that will be able to highlight the issue and taking drastic step by employers will be discouraged.

Get the Facts About Tuberculosis Disease [Pamphlet]. (2008). Rutgers, New Jersey: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Woods, R. (n.d.). Overview of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 [Letter to Employees of Georgia School System]. Georgia Department of Education, Atlanta, Georgia.
Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973. (2008). Retrieved September 26, 2022, from https://www.dol.gov/agencies/oasam/centers-offices/civil-rights-center/statutes/section-504-rehabilitation-act-of-1973